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Wednesday, March 22, 2023

The 17 Varieties of Hawks Present in the US! (2023)

What forms of hawks can you discover in the US?

common hawks in the united states


After doing a little analysis, I used to be amazed in any respect the totally different hawk species in the US! These birds of prey are available in all sizes and shapes, stay in all kinds of habitats, and even eat broadly totally different meals, from bugs to reptiles to mammals.


Beneath are the 17 forms of hawks that stay in the US!

#1. Crimson-tailed Hawk

types of hawks in the united states


This species is essentially the most prevalent hawk in the US and the one which individuals are most conversant in.


These giant raptors are sometimes seen on lengthy drives within the countryside, hovering within the sky or perched on a fence put up. The plumage shade of Crimson-tailed Hawks will be something from practically white to just about black, so coloration shouldn’t be a dependable indicator. One of the best ways to establish them is by in search of their attribute pink tail. 🙂 


Crimson-tailed Hawk Vary Map

Red-tailed Hawk Range Map


In most locations in the US, you’ll observe extra Crimson-tailed Hawks within the winter than the summer time. It is because the birds that spend their summers up north come down within the winter, becoming a member of the year-round residents.


These hawks are extremely adaptable, and there’s no actual description of their most popular habitats as a result of they appear to be comfy all over the place.  I’ve seen Crimson-tailed Hawks nearly all over the place, from the deep backcountry in Yellowstone Nationwide Park to city cities to my very own suburban yard! Decide a habitat, reminiscent of pastures, parks, deserts, roadsides, rainforests, woodlands, fields, or scrublands, and also you’ll discover them thriving.


Crimson-tailed Hawks have spectacular calls which might be simply recognized.


Actually, individuals are so enamored with their screams, it’s frequent for administrators to make use of the sounds of a Crimson-tailed Hawk to exchange Bald Eagles that seem in motion pictures. In case you may have by no means heard one, Bald Eagles don’t make sounds that stay as much as their look (placing it properly!)


These giant hawks rely totally on mammals to eat, in order that they shouldn’t trouble any birds that come to your feeders. Their most typical victims embrace mice, voles, rats, floor squirrels, and rabbits. However you might also see them consuming snakes, carrion, or bigger birds (starlings, pheasants, blackbirds).


Mating for all times, Crimson-tailed Hawks desire nesting within the tallest bushes that provide the most effective view of the encircling territory. In additional city environments, these raptors will use window ledges or choose the very best spot on a billboard.  They are going to typically reuse nests from earlier years, but when a brand new one is required, they will assemble it in lower than per week.


Size: 18-26 inches / 45-65 cm

Weight: 1.5-3.5 lbs. / 700-1600 gm

Wingspan: 43-55 inches/ 110-140 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo jamaicensis


#2. Sharp-shinned Hawk

species of hawks in the united states


Sharp-shinned Hawks are the smallest hawks in the US, and they’re extremely athletic and acrobatic. It’s frequent to see these raptors zipping via the woods or by your chicken feeders in a blur of movement!


To establish these birds, search for bars of orange on their higher chest that fades in direction of the stomach and blue-gray again and wings. When they’re flying, their wings are comparatively brief and rounded, however with a protracted tail. Females are significantly greater than males.

Sharp-shinned Hawk Vary Map

Sharp-shinned Hawk Range Map


Sharped-shinned Hawks are frequent in forested areas in the US. They’re most frequently seen round chicken feeders, searching and preying on the songbirds that come to go to. These raptors are ambush predators, sitting patiently after which dashing out from cowl at excessive velocity to chase birds, which make up 90% of their weight-reduction plan.


In my yard, I see them catching Mourning Doves essentially the most.


These hawks are extremely much like the Cooper’s Hawk, and these two species have confused birders for years (together with me!). Top-of-the-line methods to inform them aside is by dimension. Sharp-shinned’s are considerably smaller than Cooper’s, with the previous being about 6 inches (15 cm) shorter and half the load than the latter (on common).

Cooper’s vs Sharp-shinned: establish!


Sadly, these two birds are not often perched subsequent to one another in a tree, so it’s nearly unattainable to guage their precise sizes. I’ve misidentified these hawks extra instances than I can depend. My greatest recommendation is to look at the above video, examine subject guides, and discover a extra skilled chicken watcher who can assist you discover ways to inform them aside!

One approach to confirm you may have seen a Sharp-shinned Hawk is to hear for his or her sounds. People give a high-pitched shrill “kik-kik-kik” which is often repeated a number of instances. Cooper’s Hawks have a deeper name that sounds extra like “cak-cak-cak.” With somewhat apply (and persistence!) I’m positive you may study the distinction.


Size: 9-13.5 inches / 23-37 cm

Weight: 3-8 oz / 82-220 gm

Wingspan: 16.5-26.5 inches / 42-68 cm

Scientific Identify: Accipiter striatus


#3. Cooper’s Hawk

common hawks in the united states


Cooper’s Hawks are generally present in the US in woods or on the sting of fields. These raptors are recognized for his or her flying agility. I see them typically at my home in high-speed chases via the cover going after their prey.

Cooper’s Hawk Vary Map

Cooper's Hawk Range Map


Many individuals don’t need Cooper’s Hawks round.


Due to their unbelievable flying talents, these raptors primarily eat songbirds and are frequent to see in backyards round chicken feeders. At my feeding station, I’ve noticed these hawks preying on Crimson-winged Blackbirds, European Starlings, and Mourning Doves.


If you happen to don’t get pleasure from watching the “circle of life” in your yard, it’s comparatively simple to get these birds of prey to maneuver on to different feeding grounds. Attempt taking your feeders down for a couple of weeks to pressure them to search for meals elsewhere, however don’t be shocked if they arrive again as quickly as you begin feeding birds once more!


cooper vs sharp shinned hawk - types of hawks in the united states


Visually, a Cooper’s Hawk appears extremely much like the Sharp-shinned Hawk, as described above. Their steely blue-gray look is sort of similar to the Sharp-shinned hawk, proper all the way down to the little black cap that each put on and the rufous coloured chest.


The BEST approach to inform these hawks aside is to take a look at the dimensions distinction. Cooper’s are bigger than Sharp-shinneds. But when they’re airborne, good luck determining which one you’re observing!


The most typical sound a Cooper’s Hawk emits is an alarm name that feels like “kuck, kuck, kuck” or “cak-cak-cak.” Hear for a bassier sound than the higher-pitched Sharp-shinned Hawk. PRESS PLAY BELOW!


In distinction to many different birds, males are often accountable for constructing the nest.  The feminine appears to only sit again, loosen up, and make minor changes when the male does one thing she doesn’t like. 🙂


Size: 13½-20 inches / 35-50 cm

Weight: 8-24 oz / 220-680 gm

Wingspan: 24½-35½ inches / 62-90 cm

Scientific Identify: Accipiter cooperii


#4. Northern Goshawk

species of hawks in the united states


Northern Goshawks are secretive birds which might be arduous to see, as these birds of prey desire residing in giant forests away from civilization. Many individuals mistakenly suppose they’ve seen one of their yard when it was only a Cooper’s Hawk, which appears form of related.


A dark-colored head that’s often paired with deep pink eyes makes the Northern Goshawk arduous to mistake.  The underbody is commonly a bluish-white to gentle grey with barring.  The higher physique is blue-gray and even brown with sure morphs.

Northern Goshawk Vary Map

Northern Goshawk Range Map


Northern Goshawks are widespread in the US however are arduous to see, particularly within the suburbs and metropolis. Some particular person birds are brief time period migrants throughout colder months, heading south till sufficient meals will be discovered. Different birds keep in the identical place all 12 months.


These raptors are shut family members to each Cooper’s and Sharp-shinned Hawks, besides they’re bigger and fiercer. Actually, when you get too near a nest, it’s doubtless that these defensive birds will assault you!


Hear for a harsh “ca-ca-ca” sound. Because it calls, they flip their head backward and forward slowly, which provides the vocal impact of a ventriloquist.


Opportunistic hunters, Northern Goshawks eat all kinds of meals. The record consists of bugs, mammals, birds, and reptiles.


Size: 16-27 inches / 41-69 cm

Weight: 22-50 oz / 630-1400 gm

Wingspan: 35-50 inches / 89-127 cm

Scientific Identify: Accipiter gentilis


#5. Crimson-shouldered Hawk

united states hawks


Distinctly marked, Crimson-shouldered Hawks have a barred rufous chest, principally white underwings, a strongly banded tail, and naturally, pink shoulders which might be seen when perched.


Crimson-shouldered Hawk Vary Map

Red-shouldered Hawk Range Map


Whereas Crimson-tailed Hawks personal giant open areas, Crimson-shouldered Hawks are primarily forest dwellers. Their favourite locations are woods with an open higher cover since this additional area permits them to hunt extra effectively. These raptors are additionally frequent in suburban areas the place homes have been blended into woodlands. I see Crimson-shouldered Hawks often, particularly in winter, searching in my yard for squirrels.


Talking of meals, these hawks primarily eat small mammals however will feast on snakes, lizards, and amphibians when accessible.


Crimson-shouldered Hawk searching in my yard!


When searching, these raptors drop onto their prey instantly from overhead, making their searching fashion distinctive. You may see this conduct completely above, as a Crimson-shouldered Hawk tries to catch a squirrel in my yard! (Don’t fear, the hawk is unsuccessful.)


It’s frequent to listen to a Crimson-shouldered Hawk earlier than you see one. Hear for a loud name that feels like “kee-ahh,” which is commonly repeated a number of instances.


Size: 15-19 inches / 38-48 cm

Weight: 1.1-1.9 lbs. / 500-860 gm

Wingspan: 38-42 inches / 96-107 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo lineatus


#6. Broad-winged Hawk

broad winged hawk


The our bodies of those small hawks are brief and stocky, which makes them completely tailored to life within the forest.  Whereas Broad-winged Hawks stay in the US and are pretty frequent, they don’t seem to be typically seen as a result of they like spending their time within the deep woods away from people.


Broad-winged Hawk Vary Map

Broad-winged Hawk Range Map


Whereas these birds spend their summers right here in the US, they fly south for the winters to Central America and South America. Broad-winged Hawks are in all probability greatest recognized for his or her epic migrations every fall. It’s estimated that the typical chicken travels over 4,000 miles whole, and that’s simply ONE WAY, and so they have to finish this journey twice per 12 months.



These long-distance flyers typically journey south collectively, hovering on air currents, by the 1000’s! Getting the possibility to look at a “kettle” of Broad Winged Hawks is genuinely awe-inspiring, as you may see within the video above!


Broad-winged Hawks are one other perch and pounce species. They sit excessive up on tree limbs to see the realm surrounding them, ready patiently to swoop all the way down to seize a small mammal, frog, or toad. It’s uncommon for these raptors to hunt whereas flying.


These hawks give a high-pitched whistle, sometimes lasting round 2-4 seconds. The “pe-teeeee” sound has a brief first word and a protracted second one.


Size: 13.5-17.5 inches / 34-44 cm

Weight: 16 oz / 450 gm

Wingspan: 33 inches / 84 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo platypterus


#7. Ferruginous Hawk

ferruginous hawks


Ferruginous Hawks are lovely raptors that stay within the open deserts and prairies of the West. The biggest of the North American hawks have lengthy broad wings and a large grey, rusty, or white tail.


These hawks have two shade kinds you could observe.


  • The gentle morph birds have a rusty brown again and pale underparts.


  • The darkish morph people are darkish brown and chestnut-colored on each their again, chest, and stomach. Darkish morph birds are a lot rarer to see than gentle ones.

Ferruginous Hawk Vary Map

Ferruginous Hawk Range Map


Considerably social, Ferruginous Hawks might roost in teams throughout winter, which might comprise between 6-12 people.  Mated pairs appear to be principally monogamous and are extremely adaptable nesters. For instance, these hawks will use bushes, rock outcrops, ledges, haystacks, nest platforms, energy poles, varied different human-made buildings, and the bottom for nests.


These raptors have a reasonably restricted weight-reduction plan and rely principally upon small mammals for meals. Curiously, they’ve a number of searching methods they deploy. My favourite being their strategy of working or hopping on the bottom after their prey!


Their alarm name feels like “kree-a” or “kaah,” and is often given when defending territory or frightened. Some individuals suppose it sounds much like a gull.


Size: 20-27 inches / 51-69 cm

Weight: 2-5 lbs. / 900-2270 gm

Wingspan: 47-60 inches / 1.2-1.5 meters

Scientific Identify: Buteo regalis


#8. Harris’s Hawk

harris hawk


Harris’s Hawks are lovely birds that may be discovered within the southwest United States. What’s distinctive about these hawks is they’re extremely social birds and are sometimes discovered collectively in teams with complicated social hierarchies.


Teams of Harris’s Hawks will typically hunt along with subtle cooperative searching methods. Curiously, as soon as a kill is made, particular person birds feed so as based on their degree of dominance, much like a pack of wolves.


When they don’t seem to be searching collectively, particular person birds will eat lizards, floor squirrels, birds, and rodents.

Harris’s Hawk Vary Map

Harris's Hawk Range Map

Harris Hawks don’t migrate.


They “personal” a territory and stick round all 12 months. You’ll most certainly discover them in desert lowlands with a number of excessive perches, reminiscent of bushes, energy poles, or boulders. Since they stay in dry environments, having a constant water supply close by is a should.


These hawks could make an angry-sounding name that’s given when shocked or a risk is close to.


Size: 18-24 inches / 46-59 cm

Weight: 1.5-2.5 lbs. / 680-1130 gm

Wingspan: 36-48 inches / 91-122 cm

Scientific Identify: Parabuteo unicinctus


#9. Swainson’s Hawk

swainsons hawk


Swainson’s Hawks are a raptor of the west and may typically be noticed hovering or perched on fence posts, phone poles, or bushes in open areas.


These hawks arrive every April in the US and spend their summers breeding and elevating their younger right here. In the direction of the tip of August or starting of September, they start a LONG distance journey to Argentina! If you happen to’re preserving rating, that’s round 6,000 miles and takes as much as two months. And bear in mind, they make this journey twice per 12 months.


Swainson’s Hawk Vary Map

Swainson's Hawk Range Map


As they’re migrating, Swainson’s Hawks typically type giant “kettles,” the place they be a part of with different species reminiscent of Broad-winged Hawks and Turkey Vultures. In sure spots the place pure funnels happen, it’s potential to see THOUSANDS of raptors hovering collectively directly, which resembles an precise river of birds.


It appears some birds get misplaced throughout migration!


Yearly, small populations of Swainson’s Hawks can’t get across the Gulf of Mexico and spend their winters in Florida and the Texas coast. Within the reverse hemisphere, it’s frequent for some birds to remain for an entire 12 months within the tropics or find yourself in random elements of South America, removed from Argentina.


The decision of the Swainson’s Hawk is a harsh alarm name that feels like “kreeeeer,” which regularly lasts 2-3 seconds.


Size: 18-22 inches / 46-56 cm

Weight: 24-48 oz / 680-1360 gm

Wingspan: 46-54 inches / 117-137 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo swainsoni


#10. Tough Legged Hawk

rough legged hawk


Tough-legged Hawks, that are additionally known as Tough-legged Buzzards and Tough-legged Falcons, spend their summers residing and breeding on the Arctic tundra. You may solely see these giant hawks within the continental United States throughout winter once they migrate south.


Tough-legged Hawk Vary Map

Rough-legged Hawk Range Map

Search for these chunky, giant raptors in open areas. They’ve a singular searching fashion the place they hover whereas going through the wind in search of meals. Actually, they’re one of many few birds of prey that actually hovers in place.


Not like most hawks, this species has feathers all the best way all the way down to their ft, which helps hold them heat within the chilly environments they selected to stay.


These raptors are sometimes silent, besides they make a mewing sound close to the nest. (Hear above!)


When Tough-legged Hawks live within the Arctic, they primarily eat lemmings, that are in plentiful provide.  When within the south, they eat different small rodents accessible, reminiscent of mice, voles, and shrews.


Size: 18.5-23.5 inches / 46-59 cm

Weight: 25-49 oz / 715-1400 gm

Wingspan: 52-54 inches / 132-138 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo lagopus


#11. Grey Hawk

gray hawk


The Grey Hawk is difficult to see in the US, because it’s a small tropical hawk that principally lives in Mexico and Central America.

Grey Hawk Vary Map

Gray Hawk Range Map


Grey Hawks love consuming lizards, and it doesn’t matter a lot which species, as they eat nearly all of them. Southern Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas have many lizards for them to dine upon, which is why they enterprise north into the US within the first place.


Even when they’re round, Grey Hawks are arduous to identify, as they sit patiently within the cover in search of meals. One of the best ways to seek out them is by listening for his or her calls. Essentially the most distinctive noise is a 3-note whistle (“kah-lee-oh”) used to search for mates and outline territories.


Size: 16-24 inches / 40-61 cm

Weight: 14-17 oz / 395-480 gm

Wingspan: 34-37 inches / 87-93 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo plagiatus


#12. Quick-tailed Hawk

short-tailed hawk


Quick-tailed Hawks are principally tropical birds that stay all through elements of Central and South America. In the US, they’re primarily present in Florida, however they’re more and more exhibiting up within the southwest close to the Mexico-Arizona border.

Quick-tailed Hawk Vary Map

Short-tailed Hawk Range Map

However the inhabitants of Quick-tailed Hawks in Florida is comparatively small and thought solely to be round 500 people scattered round this massive state. As well as, these small hawks keep out of the eyesight of most individuals by not often perching out within the open.


Distinctive for Buteo hawks, these raptors primarily eat birds, reminiscent of warblers, red-winged blackbirds, grackles, and meadowlarks. They soar very excessive and plummet to both take birds on the wing, these perched in tall bushes, or sitting in shrubs. Surprisingly they solely have a few 10% success charge whereas searching.


Size: 15.5-17.5 inches / 39-44 cm

Weight: 14-18 oz / 390-520 gm

Wingspan: 33-41 inches / 83-103 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo brachyurus


#13. Zone-tailed Hawk

zone-tailed hawk


These lovely, modern, black hawks are discovered within the southwestern United States, the place they breed and lift their younger. Through the winter months, they migrate to southern Mexico and Central America.


Zone-tailed Hawks look extremely much like Turkey Vultures.


Even their flying kinds are the identical, as each species soar with their wings barely raised and rock forwards and backwards. It appears that evidently this mimicry helps these hawks hunt since they will mix into a bunch of Turkey Vultures and sneak up on their prey. The animal they’re pursuing doesn’t understand the deception till it’s too late!


Zone-tailed Hawk Vary Map

Zone-tailed Hawk Range Map


These hawks can solely be present in a couple of states. However because the Nineteen Nineties, they’ve slowly been growing their vary northwards.


Size: 18-22 inches / 45-56 cm

Weight: 21.5-33 oz / 610-940 gm

Wingspan: 30-34 inches / 75-86½ cm

Scientific Identify: Buteo albonotatus


#14. Frequent Black Hawk

common black hawk


Your entire physique of this hawk is coal coloured apart from a small white patch behind the invoice and white bands on the tail. Their brilliant orange-yellow invoice and legs additionally stand out towards their black our bodies.

Frequent Black Hawk Vary Map

Common Black Hawk Range Map


Frequent Black Hawks have a restricted vary in the US and may solely be present in elements of Arizona, Utah, Nevada, California, New Mexico, and Texas. Most of those raptors stay farther south into Mexico and Central America.


If you happen to like crab legs, then you may have one thing in frequent with this raptor. Frequent Black Hawks love consuming crabs when accessible! In addition they feed on frogs, snakes, fish, younger birds, crayfish, eggs, and bugs. It’s possible you’ll even spot them wading into shallow water to catch their meals.


Size: 17-21 inches / 43-53 cm

Weight: 22-46 oz / 630-1300 gm

Wingspan: 50 inches / 127 cm

Scientific Identify: Buteogallus anthracinus


#15. White-tailed Hawk

white-tailed hawk


For my part, these giant hawks are fairly lovely. They’re predominantly a slate gray shade with rusty shoulders, and about the identical dimension as a Crimson-tailed Hawk. Because the identify suggests, White-tailed Hawks have a superb white tail that’s simply noticed whereas flying. Additionally, search for a black band on the very finish.

White-tailed Hawk Vary Map

White-tailed Hawk Range Map


White-tailed Hawks are frequent in southern Texas, residing in open areas reminiscent of prairies, grasslands, and pastures.


These hawks have an uncommon behavior of inserting a single lengthy stick on their nest. Nobody is aware of why they do that or what objective it serves!


These raptors primarily eat mammals, and curiously, some songbird species have figured this out and use White-tailed Hawks as safety. Small birds appear to know that they gained’t be eaten for lunch, and depend upon the White-tailed Hawk to scare away different predators that do hunt them.


For instance, Northern Mockingbirds are so assured on this technique they generally nest within the SAME bush as these giant birds of prey.


Whereas out within the subject, hear for a high-pitched whine that lasts a couple of notes, following by a sequence of repeated “ke” noises.


Size: 17-24 inches / 44-60 cm

Weight: 31-43 oz / 880-1235 gm

Wingspan: 46½-56 inches / 118-143 cm

Scientific Identify: Geranoaetus albicaudatus


#16. Osprey



The very first thing it’s worthwhile to learn about Ospreys is they’re NOT hawks! They aren’t eagles both and, scientifically talking, have been given their very own Household (Pandionidae) and Genus (Pandion), separate from all different birds of prey.


So, why embrace them on an inventory of frequent hawks in the US?


Although Ospreys will not be hawks, they definitely look much like one. Many individuals suppose they’re some species of hawk once they first observe an Osprey. These raptors have additionally been given nicknames, reminiscent of Sea Hawk, River Hawk, and Fish Hawk, which trace on the affiliation between an Osprey and hawk.


Osprey Vary Map

Osprey Range Map


While you consider an Osprey, you must consider fish, as a result of that’s what these birds eat 99% of the time. Even an Osprey’s talons are completely tailored for catching fish. If you happen to take a detailed look, you will notice they’re extraordinarily curved and even intersect when totally closed, which makes them completely designed for holding onto slippery fish!


Much more attention-grabbing, their outer toe is reversible, which permits them to rotate the toe to allow them to have two in entrance, and two in again. Solely Ospreys and owls have this distinctive capability, which permits them to be extra environment friendly hunters.



And these guys don’t simply skim the floor and seize their prey close to the highest like an eagle.  Ospreys hit the water HARD and plunge proper in to guarantee themselves of a catch. Amazingly, they will then take off whereas submerged and with a fish of their talons!


Due to their specialised weight-reduction plan, you’ll nearly at all times discover Ospreys residing, breeding, and elevating their younger round our bodies of water. Mating for all times, it’s frequent for them to make use of human-made nesting platforms. If you happen to stay close to a big physique of water, I like to recommend putting in one to see when you can appeal to a nesting pair!


Hear for Ospreys subsequent time you’re round a big physique of water. Their alarm name is a sequence of brief high-pitched whistles that descend in pitch. The noise has been in comparison with a teapot taken off a range.


Size: 20-25.5 inches / 50-65 cm

Weight: 3-4.4 lb. / 1.4-2 kg

Wingspan: 59-71 inches / 150-180 cm

Scientific Identify: Pandion haliaetus


#17. Northern Harrier

northern harrier

Northern Harriers are some of the distinctive hawks you’ll find within the USA!


First, most hawks depend on their unbelievable eyesight to seek out and seize prey. However Northern Harriers additionally use their listening to to seek out meals, which is similar to owls. Even their disc-shaped face resembles an owl. 🙂


The perfect locations to discover a Northern Harrier are open grasslands, fields, or marshes. Search for a slim, long-tailed raptor that flies low and has a white rump. Watch an instance under!

Which hawks have you ever seen earlier than in the US?


Go away a remark under!


*For every hawk listed under, it is possible for you to to view vary maps, which present the place every species lives. The paintings was generously shared with permission from The Birds of The World, printed by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. I exploit their website OFTEN to study new details about birds!*

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